How to Support Your Child to Do Well for The Exams

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How to Support Your Child to Do Well for The Exams

Managing stress and expectations

By Chan Swee Fen | 2 September 2021

Every major exam – PSLE, GCE O-levels, N-levels, A-levels – are significant milestones in your child’s academic journey. While excelling in these exams is every student’s goal and every parent’s hope, it is important for us to look beyond grades and view the exams preparation and outcome as pivotal moments for your child to learn life skills and build resilience.

Here are practical strategies, tips, and tools to empower your child during the exam period:

  1. Teach your child time management skills
    Being able to plan, organise and prioritise tasks are critical life skills that will help your child not only to prepare for their exams, but more importantly for life. And these skills need to be taught.

    It is possible that some pre-teens or teenagers give up studying for their exams because they are overwhelmed by the content they need to revise and unsure of where to start.

    You can help your child hone his planning skills by:
    • Making a list of all the topics he needs to study for his exams
    • Helping him prioritise by determining the easier topics requiring less time for revision and his weaker subjects that require more study time.
    • Allocating a set timeline for each subject/topic.
    • Using an app or calendar to create the study/revision plan and track progress.

    "Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime."

  2. Teach your child to think well
    Help your child understand that his thoughts influence his emotions and behaviour.

    When he is under stress, it is necessary for him to recognise his A.N.TS (Automatic Negative Thoughts) and replace them with thoughts that are productive, positive and rational.

    Examples:

    A.N.TS (Automatic Negative Thoughts) Reframing to productive, realistic thoughts
    “If I don’t do well for this major exam, I am doomed.” “I will give my best for this exam and am confident I can do well. I will be disappointed if the results are below my expectations, BUT I know I can rise above setbacks.”
    “There’s no way I can finish all the revision.” “There’s a lot to study and revise. I have my study plan and I will follow the plan so that I can finish my revision.’
    “I always end up not doing well no matter how much effort I put in.” “I am worried about not doing well. But I know I always put in effort and do my best. That is more important.”
    “What if I mess up during the exams, and I can’t answer any of the exam questions?” “I am anxious, and I don’t want to mess up during the exams. I’ve done my exam preparation and I’ve learned some techniques to calm myself so I will be okay.”

    I remember teaching my daughter how to cope with the “butterflies in her stomach” through positive self-talk before entering the exam venue.

  3. Equip your child with stress management skills
    It is important to help your child understand what stress is:
    • Stress is a common response when we feel anxious or threatened by challenging situations
    • Stress can be good/beneficial if it motivates us to perform at an optimal level
    • Stress is harmful when it is prolonged
    • Stress can be managed, and we can learn techniques to help us cope with stressful circumstances
    Find time to talk to your child and understand his stress triggers.

    Share with your child strategies and techniques to cope with stress. You may need to demonstrate techniques such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation or mindfulness so that he gets a clearer idea of what these entail.

    Brainstorm together and write a list of things he can do to relax or self-soothe.

    I remember teaching my daughter how to cope with the “butterflies in her stomach” through positive self-talk before entering the exam venue and how to calm herself through deep breathing should her mind “blank out” when she is answering exam questions.
  4. There is nothing wrong in setting high expectations. However, when these expectations are motivated by unhealthy beliefs and alienates you from your child, it is needful to take a step back.

  5. Manage your own stress and expectations
    Parental stress is contagious. And it is not an overstatement to say that as parents, we can hinder our children’s exam performance when we displace our stress onto them.

    Some pre-teens or teenagers may exhibit a nonchalant attitude (much to your chagrin!). In such cases, it is possible that they have given up trying as they feel discouraged by the constant nagging or scolding.

    If you are unduly stressed because of your child’s upcoming exams, identify the irrational beliefs that are triggering your fight or flight response.

    Here are examples of unhealthy beliefs:
    • “If she aces her exams, I am a good parent.”
    • “My child’s success is a reflection of my worth as a parent.”
    • “If he does not do well in this exam, he will not succeed in life.”
    • “If she performs well in the exams, I have something to brag about in the group/family/community.”
    There is nothing wrong in setting high expectations for exam performance. However, when these expectations are motivated by unhealthy beliefs and alienates you from your child, it is needful to take a step back.
  6. Ensure your child’s basic needs are well taken care of
    A healthy body can better cope with the stresses of the exams.

    Make sure your child:
    • Is not skipping meals and is eating nutritious food as nutrition plays a key part in keeping energy levels up
    • Has sufficient and quality sleep
    • Practise good personal hygiene
    • Has time for hobbies or participates in non-academic activities
  7. Provide a conducive and supportive home environment
    Where possible, avoid getting into conflictual situations or escalating tensions in the home. Witnessing parental squabbles (especially over his upcoming exams) can put immense pressure on your child, while a calm and peaceful home environment can allow them to focus on their revision.
  8. Remove distractions
    Unplug all digital devices that will distract your child from fully concentrating on his exam preparation. Use them as incentives for after revision.

    Try the “When/then” technique to allow your child to “plug in” after his revision. For example: “When you have completed the 2 topics in the study plan, then you can have 20 minutes of screen time.”
  9. Be your child’s cheerleader
    Your child faces intense pressure during the exam preparation phase. Knowing that you are available to support him emotionally and physically will boost his confidence. You can cheer your child on using his love language:
    • Quality time: Spend one-on-one time in-between study breaks or go for a short walk outside the house.
    • Words of affirmation: “You are making progress in your revision, way to go.”
    • Acts of service: Get him a nice cool drink; help him to clear his study area.
    • Physical touch: Give her a hug or pat on the shoulder
    • Gifts: Buy him a simple, inexpensive gift.
  10. Reassure your child of your love regardless of results
    One powerful way to calm your child’s nerves is the assurance that he is loved regardless of his performance.

    Have conversations about the purpose of exams: to assess understanding and application of concepts learned in the classroom. While doing well in the exams is a good objective, let him know he is loved for who he is.
  11. Practise empathic listening after the exams
    It is important to check in on your child after the exams. This is a time your child needs you to listen to his fears and anxieties about the exam paper.

    Listen to his sharing without judging. If he has performed well, affirm him.

    Avoid scrutinizing the paper at length and make comments such as:
    • “If you had studied harder, you would have answered the question correctly.”
    • “Why are you so careless as to have misread the question?”

Major exams are highly stressful experiences for our children. Our active involvement and support during this crucial time is important. We should recognise that excelling in major exams is a laudable goal, but grades alone do not define their identity and future. Focusing on the effort that they have put in and the life skills they’ve learned will help our children learn self-compassion and hold on to hope.

© 2021 Focus on the Family Singapore. All rights reserved.

 

You are in the best position to guide your child toward stronger mental health and resilience. If you need more resources for this journey, do check out our Stronger with Family resource page!

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